Since our defence mechanism against disease and disease, our immune systems are the cornerstone to keeping all of us fit and healthy. Whenever some bacteria or even virus attacks us our defense mechanisms sends out the troops to defend the gates of healthiness and keep disease at bay. Globulins are the cells charged with circulating the blood and attacking any evil invaders, whilst lymphocytes (specialised white cells) patrol the body to control and dispose of any kind of foreign material.
Immunity B Cells are the circulating globulins – generally known as immunoglobulins, also known as antibodies. They can be separated into five groups, each taking control of specific duties in protecting the body. For instance some antibodies is going to take care of bacteria and viruses in the blood, whilst another might control allergies.
Immunity T Cells in the mean time attack viruses and foreign tissues. You may have seen recently the German farmer who had a double adjustable rate mortgage transplant after losing both of his arms to a combine harvester. As amazing as this feat is one of the biggest issues in making this work is to stop the body from rejecting the new arms – this being rejected is done by the T cells.
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To cells destroy all kinds of invaders while also remembering the nature of them : this makes the T cells more efficient against returning invaders and is just how our immune system develops.
It is apparent then that our immune system depends on the efficiency and ability of our B plus T cells to recognise a hassle bacteria or virus, as well as its’ ability to fight it – though obviously we can help that together in some cases with the use of antibiotics etc . You might now be wondering if our defense mechanisms is so good then why is the normal cold such a consistent re-occurrence. This is because some viruses such as the cold continually mutate and change in appearance, meaning our immune system does not recognise it. This is also why the flu jab is offered – the flu is another mutating virus and each year the particular flu jab is changed to combat the latest mutation.
For some unfortunate people there are a number of hereditary diseases which usually result in their immune systems not functioning properly. This is often caused by abnormalities in the chromosomes that mean an insufficiency in the production of globulin antibodies, T lymphocytes or both. In such instances the consequences can be very serious. It is possible to endure a lack of immunoglobulins as globulin from other people can be fed into an individual on a regular basis. However a deficiency within white blood cells is much more serious and anyone born with such a condition usually dies young from a viral infection.